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Between Two Fires Gypsy Performance and Romani Memory from Pushkin to Post-Socialism

by Alaina Lemon

Between Two Fires Gypsy Performance and Romani Memory from Pushkin to Post-Socialism Synopsis

Since tsarist times, Roma in Russia have been portrayed as both rebellious outlaws and free-spirited songbirds-in each case, as if isolated from society. In Soviet times, Russians continued to harbor these two, only seemingly opposed, views of Gypsies, exalting their songs on stage but scorning them on the streets as liars and cheats. Alaina Lemon's Between Two Fires examines how Roma themselves have negotiated these dual images in everyday interactions and in stage performances. Lemon's ethnographic study is based on extensive fieldwork in 1990s Russia and focuses on Moscow Romani Theater actors as well as Romani traders and metalworkers. Drawing from interviews with Roma and Russians, observations of performances, and conversations, as well as archives, literary texts, and media, Lemon analyzes the role of theatricality and theatrical tropes in Romani life and the everyday linguistics of social relations and of memory. Historically, the way Romani stage performance has been culturally framed and positioned in Russia has served to typecast Gypsies as natural performers, she explains. Thus, while theatrical and musical performance may at times empower Roma, more often it has reinforced and rationalized racial and social stereotypes, excluding them from many Soviet and Russian economic and political arenas. Performance, therefore, defines what it means to be Romani in Russia differently than it does elsewhere, Lemon shows. Considering formal details of language as well as broader cultural and social structures, she also discusses how racial categories relate to post-Soviet economic changes, how gender categories and Euro-Soviet notions of civility are connected, and how ontological distinctions between stage art and real life contribute to the making of social types. This complex study thus serves as a corrective to romantic views of Roma as detached from political forces.

Between Two Fires Gypsy Performance and Romani Memory from Pushkin to Post-Socialism Press Reviews

This is a ground-breaking work that engages with race and performance in the post-Soviet space. . . . Lemon's theoretical sophistication and political awareness, besides the obvious focus on performance, make this work appealing to performance/theatre studies readers. -- Ioana Szeman * Theatre Research International * [A]n insightful, engaging monograph on the Russian Romani experience. . . . [I]nformative, illuminating, and a major contribution to the study of Romani culture. . . . Lemon presents a sensitive, informed portrait of the Romani Theatre and Romani communities in today's Russia. Between Two Fires is a powerful, exquisitely researched monograph that contributed significantly to the study of Romani society, Russia, performance, ethnicity, and culture. -- Margaret H. Beissinger * Slavic and East European Journal * The highlight of Lemon's book is her discussion of the archival record of a Lovari Rom's trial and the interpretation of it by his descendants, to whom she read the material. . . . [S]he is imaginative and insightful in her analysis of Pushkin. . . . [A] valuable contribution. . . . -- Judith Okely * Times Literary Supplement * Lemon has produced an innovative and path-breaking analysis of some of the representational challenges facing Muscovite Roma. . . . It is not possible in a short review to do justice to the range of interests and concerns Lemon covers. -- Michael Stewart * Slavic Review * This is an extraordinarily insightful account of the performance of being `Gypsy' in Russia. Theoretically sophisticated, it illuminates Russian as well as Romani culture, and delves into issues of naming, mobility, transgression, and authenticity. This book is a must for anyone interested in advances in anthropology as well as contemporary Russian culture. -Caroline Humphrey, coauthor of The End of Nomadism? Society, State, and the Environment in Inner Asia Between Two Fires addresses an important series of topics for anthropology in general and for the study of the Soviet Union and for postsocialist Russia in particular. Lemon weds current theoretical concerns to an understudied but significant community. -Martha Lampland, author of The Object of Labor: Commodification in Socialist Hungary This is a ground-breaking work that engages with race and performance in the post-Soviet space. . . . Lemon's theoretical sophistication and political awareness, besides the obvious focus on performance, make this work appealing to performance/theatre studies readers. - Ioana Szeman, Theatre Research International [A]n insightful, engaging monograph on the Russian Romani experience. . . . [I]nformative, illuminating, and a major contribution to the study of Romani culture. . . . Lemon presents a sensitive, informed portrait of the Romani Theatre and Romani communities in today's Russia. Between Two Fires is a powerful, exquisitely researched monograph that contributed significantly to the study of Romani society, Russia, performance, ethnicity, and culture. - Margaret H. Beissinger, Slavic and East European Journal Lemon has produced an innovative and path-breaking analysis of some of the representational challenges facing Muscovite Roma. . . . It is not possible in a short review to do justice to the range of interests and concerns Lemon covers. - Michael Stewart, Slavic Review The highlight of Lemon's book is her discussion of the archival record of a Lovari Rom's trial and the interpretation of it by his descendants, to whom she read the material. . . . [S]he is imaginative and insightful in her analysis of Pushkin. . . . [A] valuable contribution. . . . - Judith Okely, Times Literary Supplement

Book Information

ISBN: 9780822324935
Publication date: 1st July 2000
Author: Alaina Lemon
Publisher: Duke University Press
Format: Paperback / softback
Pagination: 320 pages
Categories: Social & cultural anthropology, ethnography, Ethnic studies, Social & cultural history, Theatre studies, Cultural studies,

About Alaina Lemon

Alaina Lemon is Assistant Professor of Anthropology at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

More About Alaina Lemon

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