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Smoldering Ashes Cuzco and the Creation of Republican Peru, 1780-1840 by Charles F. Walker

Smoldering Ashes Cuzco and the Creation of Republican Peru, 1780-1840

Part of the Latin America Otherwise Series


Smoldering Ashes Cuzco and the Creation of Republican Peru, 1780-1840 by Charles F. Walker

In Smoldering Ashes Charles F. Walker interprets the end of Spanish domination in Peru and that country's shaky transition to an autonomous republican state. Placing the indigenous population at the center of his analysis, Walker shows how the Indian peasants played a crucial and previously unacknowledged role in the battle against colonialism and in the political clashes of the early republican period. With its focus on Cuzco, the former capital of the Inca Empire, Smoldering Ashes highlights the promises and frustrations of a critical period whose long shadow remains cast on modern Peru.Peru's Indian majority and non-Indian elite were both opposed to Spanish rule, and both groups participated in uprisings during the late colonial period. But, at the same time, seething tensions between the two groups were evident, and non-Indians feared a mass uprising. As Walker shows, this internal conflict shaped the many struggles to come, including the Tupac Amaru uprising and other Indian-based rebellions, the long War of Independence, the caudillo civil wars, and the Peru-Bolivian Confederation. Smoldering Ashes not only reinterprets these conflicts but also examines the debates that took place-in the courts, in the press, in taverns, and even during public festivities-over the place of Indians in the republic. In clear and elegant prose, Walker explores why the fate of the indigenous population, despite its participation in decades of anticolonial battles, was little improved by republican rule, as Indians were denied citizenship in the new nation-an unhappy legacy with which Peru still grapples. Informed by the notion of political culture and grounded in Walker's archival research and knowledge of Peruvian and Latin American history, Smoldering Ashes will be essential reading for experts in Andean history, as well as scholars and students in the fields of nationalism, peasant and Native American studies, colonialism and postcolonialism, and state formation.


This is a very good book, and may even come to be a classic in this cutting-edge sub-field of Latin American history. The research is impressively deep, the writing clear, engaging, and rising at points to lyricism. -Eric Van Young, University of California, San Diego This pioneering study of the changing links between the state and its Indian subjects during the transition to the Republic is not only a truly brilliant reconstruction of a complex and enigmatic process but a vital contribution to the current effort to make sense of the painful birth of modern Spanish America. -Tulio Halperin Donghi, University of California, Berkeley An innovative, eloquent, and thoroughly researched study on the political culture of an important Andean region during the transition from colonial to republican order. -Nils Jacobsen, University of Illinois

About the Author

Charles F. Walker is Associate Professor of History at the University of California, Davis. He is the editor of Entre la retorica y la insurgencia: Las ideas y los movimientos sociales en los Andes, Siglo XVIII.

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Book Info

Publication date

5th April 1999


Charles F. Walker

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Duke University Press


352 pages


European history
Modern history to 20th century: c 1700 to c 1900
History of the Americas
Colonialism & imperialism
National liberation & independence, post-colonialism



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