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Working Women, Working Men Sao Paulo & the Rise of Brazil's Industrial Working Class, 1900-1955 by Joel D. Wolfe

Working Women, Working Men Sao Paulo & the Rise of Brazil's Industrial Working Class, 1900-1955


Working Women, Working Men Sao Paulo & the Rise of Brazil's Industrial Working Class, 1900-1955 by Joel D. Wolfe

In Working Women, Working Men, Joel Wolfe traces the complex historical development of the working class in Sao Paulo, Brazil, Latin America's largest industrial center. He studies the way in which Sao Paulo's working men and women experienced Brazil's industrialization, their struggles to gain control over their lives within a highly authoritarian political system, and their rise to political prominence in the first half of the twentieth century. Drawing on a diverse range of sources-oral histories along with union, industry, and government archival materials-Wolfe's account focuses not only on labor leaders and formal Left groups, but considers the impact of grassroots workers' movements as well. He pays particular attention to the role of gender in the often-contested relations between leadership groups and thee rank and file. Wolfe's analysis illuminates how various class and gender ideologies influenced the development of unions, industrialists' strategies, and rank-and-file organizing and protest activities. This study reveals how workers in Sao Paulo maintained a local grassroots social movement that, by the mid-1950s, succeeded in seizing control of Brazil's state-run official unions. By examining the actions of these workers in their rise to political prominence in the 1940s and 1950s, this book provides a new understanding of the sources and development of populist politics in Brazil.


This is an excellent book, based on an impressive amount of research. It is a valuable and pathbreaking contribution to the historical study of class formation, gender, and the politics of industrial workers in South America's most important industrial center. -Thomas Holloway, Cornell University No area has been so misunderstood by foreign researchers as labor and union history in Brazil. This book sets high standards for any new studies on Brazil, Latin America, or even the rest of the world. -Michael L. Conniff, Auburn University

About the Author

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Book Info

Publication date

28th May 1993


Joel D. Wolfe

More books by Joel D. Wolfe
Author 'Like for Like'


Duke University Press


328 pages


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