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Trade liberalization can create economic opportunities for poor people. But are these opportunities available to men and women equally? Do the gender disparities in access to education, health, credit, and other resources limit the gains from trade and the potential benefits to poor women? This volume introduces the gender dimension into empirical analyses of the links between trade and poverty, which can improve policy making. The collection of chapters in this book is close to an ideal macro-micro evaluation technique that explicitly assesses the importance of gender in determining the poverty effects of trade shocks. Part I, relying on ex ante simulation approaches, focuses on the macroeconomic links between trade and gender, where labor market structure and its functioning play a key role. Part II concentrates on micro models of households and attempts to identify the ex post effects of trade shocks on household income levels and consumption choices. It also addresses questions about possible changes in inequality within households due to improved economic opportunities for women. 'Gender Aspects of the Trade and Poverty Nexus' will be invaluable to policy makers, development practitioners and researchers, journalists, and students.
|Publication date:||15th April 2009|
|Publisher:||World Bank Publications|
|Categories:||Development economics & emerging economies, International trade,|
MAURIZIO BUSSOLO is a Senior Economist at the World Bank. He has been working on quantitative analyses of economic policy and development including: poverty, income distribution, labor markets, remittances, international trade, Millennium Development Goals, agriculture, environment. Among his other activities, he monitors and forecasts macroeconomic trends in Latin America and the Caribbean and he has worked on several Economic and Sector Work projects with some very poor countries in Sub-Saharan Africa (Chad, Ghana, Ethiopia) and lower to middle income countries in Latin America (Brazil, Colombia, Nicaragua, Honduras, Panama). Before joining the World Bank, he worked at the OECD Development Centre, ...More About World Bank