Cambridge Middle East Studies All the Pasha's Men: Mehmed Ali, his Army and the Making of Modern Egypt Synopsis
While previous scholarship has viewed Mehmed Ali Pasha as the founder of modern Egypt, Khaled Fahmy offers a new interpretation of his role in the rise of Egyptian nationalism, locating him in the Ottoman context as an ambitious Ottoman reformer. Basing his work on previously neglected archival material, the author demonstrates how Mehmed Ali sought to develop the Egyptian economy and to build up the army, not as a means of gaining Egyptian independence from the Ottoman Empire, but to further his own ambitions for hereditary rule over the province. In its analysis of nation-building and the construction of state power, the book makes a significant contribution to the larger theoretical debates. It will therefore be essential reading for students in the field, as well as for Ottomanists, military historians and those interested in the development of the modern nation-state.
Cambridge Middle East Studies All the Pasha's Men: Mehmed Ali, his Army and the Making of Modern Egypt Press Reviews
' ... Khaled Fahmy orients the focus of his research away from Mehmed Ali's character and towards one of his great achievements: the founding of a modern army in Egypt ... The book makes extensive use of the Egyptian national archives and itemizes much detailed information, but the over-riding argument is forthright. Egypt's new army did not give vent to an emergent tide of pent-up nationalism against the Ottomans 'as soldiers far from rushing enthusiastically to join the colors and defend the nation, came to view conscription as a heavy tax exacted by an already oppressive and intolerant regime' ... Fahmy's study makes both interesting and stimulating reading which is certain to provoke much discussion.' The Historical Association Fahmy has carefully examined and synthesized an unusually wide range of archival and published sources, and his conclusions are cogently and clearly presented. This is also a very readable book. Avigdor Levy, The International History Review Khaled Fahmy has made an important contribution to the field. Students of Egypt, the Middle East, nineteenth-century military history, and civil-military relations should read this book. The Journal of Military History ...Fahmy's book represents an important and unique contribution to the social history of Egypt and will certainly command a permanent revision of the literature on Mehmed Ali's reign. Turkish Studies Association Bulletin This book is based on an impressive amount of new research uncovering multitudes of documents from Egyptian archival material from the nineteenth century. Journal of Palestine Studies ...well-researched and carefully argued study... International Journal of Middle East Studies It is a critical text for scholars concerned with contemporary academic debates pertaining to Ottoman decline and to modern constructions of Middle East nationalisms and Islamisms. Religious Studies Review