Integrated circuits have revolutionised the world of electronics and the associated areas of computing and communication. In past years the tasks of designing, manufacturing and testing these types of circuit were restricted to a few specialist engineers. However, within recent years the proliferation of computer tools and affordable access to IC manufacturing foundries has resulted in a substantial increase in the number of people designing ICs for the first time, both in universities and colleges and in industry. This book introduces the reader to all aspects of IC design, manufacture and testing with a minimum of mathematics, but with relevant examples at each stage. It examines the overall design strategies, the engineering trade-offs and the advantages, disadvantages and optimum applications of each available technology.