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Early Reading Instruction What Science Really Tells Us about How to Teach Reading by Diane McGuinness
  

Early Reading Instruction What Science Really Tells Us about How to Teach Reading

Part of the Early Reading Instruction Series

Synopsis

Early Reading Instruction What Science Really Tells Us about How to Teach Reading by Diane McGuinness

Early Reading Instruction is a comprehensive analysis of the research evidence from early writing systems to computer models of reading. In this book, Diane McGuinness provides an innovative solution to the reading war -- the century-old debate over the efficacy of phonics (sound-based) versus whole-word (meaning- based) methods. She has developed a prototype -- a set of elements that are critical to the success of a reading method.McGuinness shows that all writing systems, without exception, are based on a sound unit in the language. This fact, and other findings by paleographers, provides a platform for the prototype. Other elements of the prototype are based on modern research. For example, observational studies in the classroom show that time spent on three activities strongly predicts reading success: learning phoneme/symbol correspondences, practice at blending and segmenting phonemes in words, and copying/writing words, phrases, and sentences. Most so-called literacy activities have no effect, and some, like sight word memorization, have a strongly negative effect.The National Reading Panel (2000) summarized the research on reading methods after screening out thousands of studies that failed to meet minimum scientific standards. In an in-depth analysis of this evidence, McGuinness shows that the most successful methods (children reading a year or more above age norms) include all the elements in the prototype. Finally, she argues, because phonics-type methods are consistently shown to be superior to whole-word methods in studies dating back to the 1960s, it makes no sense to continue this line of research. The most urgent question for future research is how to get the most effective phonics programs into the classroom.

Reviews

The task of reviewing reading instruction research is daunting and McGuinness's efforts are admirable...Her comprehensive analysis has left few if any stones unturned. -- Gale A. Mentzer * Education Review *


About the Author

Diane McGuinness is a reading consultant and Emeritus Professor of Psychology at the University of South Florida. She is the author of Why Our Children Can't Read and What We Can Do about It, Early Reading Instruction (MIT Press, 2004), and other books on reading and learning.

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Book Info

Publication date

20th January 2006

Author

Diane McGuinness

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Publisher

Bradford Books an imprint of MIT Press Ltd

Format

Paperback
390 pages

Categories

Teaching of a specific subject
Educational: English language: readers & reading schemes
Literacy

ISBN

9780262633352

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