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The Later Novels of Victor Hugo Variations on the Politics and Poetics of Transcendence by Kathryn M. (Professor of French, Penn State University) Grossman

The Later Novels of Victor Hugo Variations on the Politics and Poetics of Transcendence



The Later Novels of Victor Hugo Variations on the Politics and Poetics of Transcendence by Kathryn M. (Professor of French, Penn State University) Grossman

This study places the last three novels of Victor Hugo's maturity - Les Travailleurs de la mer (1866), L'Homme qui rit (1869), and Quatrevingt-Treize (1874) - within the context of his artistic development after the success of Les Miserables (1862). By situating these historical narratives in relation to each other, to all of Hugo's previous fiction, and to a number of poetic and critical works published in exile and in the initial years of the Third Republic, it illuminates the final structural and thematic shifts from a poetics of harmony to one of transcendence. As in Les Miserables, the disharmony associated with social tumult, apocalyptic vision, and oxymoronic tensions provides an essential component of the later Hugo's Romantic sublime. Instead of merely capitalizing on the runaway success of Les Miserables by recycling its prominent features, however, each novel makes an original contribution to the political and aesthetic trajectory inscribed by the entire oeuvre. Each testifies as well to the wizardry of Hugo's own 'special effects' that contribute to his story-telling genius. Such effects, especially the dizzying spatial optics and manipulation of temporal dimensions, function not as mere playful gimmicks or novelistic flourishes but as strategies for figuring and communicating the ideal, both political and artistic. The unique interplay of poetic and historical discourse in each text reconfigures our disordered experience of the world into something far more coherent: a construction of meaning that strives to change perceptions and to promote social action.


With great clarity and erudition, the author uncovers the intricate connections between Hugo's poetics and his evolving sociopolitical outlook...demonstrates how Hugo's novels, the product of a prodigiously fertile poetic imagination, can and should be viewed as lessons for today. * C.B. Kerr, Choice * Her trilogy of studies on his novels should long remain unsurpassed, indispensable as a monument of interpretive scholarship devoted to the greatest author of nineteenth century France. * Laurence M. Porter, Nineteenth Century French Studies *

About the Author

Kathryn M. Grossman is Professor of French at Penn State University, University Park, Pennsylvania. She is the author of three previous monographs on Victor Hugo, as well as of numerous journal articles and chapters in edited volumes.

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Book Info

Publication date

1st December 2012


Kathryn M. (Professor of French, Penn State University) Grossman

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Oxford University Press


298 pages


Literary studies: fiction, novelists & prose writers
Literary studies: c 1800 to c 1900



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