second sister eleanor oliphant tudor queens series granchester Maxim Jakubowskis Selection
Search our site
A Time of Love and Tartan by Alexander McCall Smith Read the opening extract of the brand new Alexander McCall Smith book before its publication on 03/08/2017

The Book of Evidence by Peter (Professor of Philosophy, Johns Hopkins University) Achinstein
  

Synopsis

The Book of Evidence by Peter (Professor of Philosophy, Johns Hopkins University) Achinstein

What is required for something to be evidence for a hypothesis? In this fascinating, elegantly written work, distinguished philosopher of science Peter Achinstein explores this question, rejecting typical philosophical and statistical theories of evidence. He claims these theories are much too weak to give scientists what they want-a good reason to believe-and, in some cases, they furnish concepts that mistakenly make all evidential claims a priori. Achinstein introduces four concepts of evidence, defines three of them by reference to potential evidence, and characterizes the latter using a novel epistemic interpretation of probability. The resulting theory is then applied to philosophical and historical issues. Solutions are provided to the grue, ravens, lottery, and old-evidence paradoxes, and to a series of questions. These include whether explanations or predictions furnish more evidential weight, whether individual hypotheses or entire theoretical systems can receive evidential support, what counts as a scientific discovery, and what sort of evidence is required for it. The historical questions include whether Jean Perrin had non-circular evidence for the existence of molecules, what type of evidence J. J. Thomson offered for the existence of the electron, and whether, as is usually supposed, he really discovered the electron. Achinstein proposes answers in terms of the concepts of evidence introduced. As the premier book in the fabulous new series Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Science, this volume is essential for philosophers of science and historians of science, as well as for statisticians, scientists with philosophical interests, and anyone curious about scientific reasoning.

Reviews

Although this book is primarily directed toward philosophers and historians of science, [it] is elegantly written and highly accessible for scientists. -Journal of Mathematical Psychology The Book of Evidence is a real philosophical advance-a huge step forward in our ways of thinking about evidence. -Stathis Psillos, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research The Book of Evidence is ambitious in aim and thorough in detail: it seeks to show what is faulty about the major definitions of evidence that have been on offer and develops a novel view that relates evidence to explanation and realism. This book has a rare combination of analytical clarity and historical sensibility and could only have been written by someone who has been thinking about these issues for several decades...Achinstein's project is richly executed, with many fringe benefits. -Sherrilyn Roush, ISIS


About the Author

Loading other formats...

Book Info

Publication date

20th November 2003

Author

Peter (Professor of Philosophy, Johns Hopkins University) Achinstein

More books by Peter (Professor of Philosophy, Johns Hopkins University) Achinstein
Author 'Like for Like'
    recommendations

Publisher

Oxford University Press Inc

Format

Paperback
304 pages

Categories

Philosophy of science

ISBN

9780195171716

I love reading books I wouldn't normally choose before everyone else gets to read them!

Dawn Lynch

Lovereading is pitched at just the right level for all the various types of people who enjoy reading in its many forms.

Pam Woodburn

It has opened my eyes to different authors and genres. Just log on and try, you will be surprised and not want for reading material again.

Jocelyn Garvey

Lovereading always comes up with great suggestions and has introduced me to enjoyable books and new authors to discover.

Gaynor Passmore

Lovereading is like booking a holiday, you don't know what it will be like and it is a whole new experience.

Sue Burton

Lovereading takes the guesswork out of finding your next read with "if you like you'll love" and extracts to help with your decision.

Sarah Bruch

I read new, exciting writers and established authors before publication and there is a great website full of brilliant books and opinions.

Lynda

Lovereading has all the new books and also suggestions for 'similar' authors whilst waiting for your favourites new books.

Carol Peace

Lovereading4kids

Lovereading4schools