Are you between 5 and 25? If so, enter the Wicked Young Writer Awards NOW - click here for details...

books of the month
Search our site
Last Letter from Istanbul by Lucy Foley Read the opening extract of the brand new Lucy Foley book before its publication on 19/03/2018

The Dilemma of Freedom and Foreknowledge by Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski

The Dilemma of Freedom and Foreknowledge


The Dilemma of Freedom and Foreknowledge by Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski

This original analysis examines the three leading traditional solutions to the dilemma of divine foreknowledge and human free will-those arising from Boethius, from Ockham, and from Molina. Though all three solutions are rejected in their best-known forms, three new solutions are proposed, and Zagzebski concludes that divine foreknowledge is compatible with human freedom. The discussion includes the relation between the foreknowledge dilemma and problems about the nature of time and the causal relation; the logic of counterfactual conditionals; and the differences between divine and human knowing states. An appendix introduces a new foreknowledge dilemma that purports to show that omniscient foreknowledge conflicts with deep intuitions about temporal asymmetry, quite apart from considerations of free will. Zagzebski shows that only a narrow range of solutions can handle this new dilemma. A compelling contribution to the field, The Dilemma of Freedom and Foreknowledge will appeal to students and scholars of theistic philosophy and the philosophy of religion.


This work is a welcome addition. It is one of the two or three best book-length treatments of the subject of the past two decades and is especially useful as an introduction to the recent literature ... Zagzebski's interpretations and criticisms of various theories are sometimes controversial, but always stimulating ... it is an interesting work, informative and thought-provoking, and is highly recommended to those who want to familiarize themselves with the latest work on this perennially fascinating topic. * MIND * As will be apparent, the sensitive eliciting and application of various intuitions plays an important role in Zagzebski's book. I believe this is a real strength of the work....This is a remarkably inventive book, and in addition a genuine pleasure to read. It should be enjoyed by all philosophers who are even mildly interested in the dilemma of freedom and foreknowledge.:Philosophy of Religion I know of no other book that so clearly sets forth the full range of traditional and contemporary perspectives on the foreknowledge dilemma. It will therefore prove to be of great value to the philosophical community. -Review of Metaphysics Zagzebski is a rigorous, careful thinker. She has produced a truly stimulating book. It deserves close attention and will amply repay it. -Ethics A reliable, often insightful, introduction to these debates. -Times Literary Supplement A competent, technically detailed, and unpolemical exposition of contemporary currents of thought on this perenially engaging topic....Rewards the reader with frequent bursts of incisive commentary. -The Thomist The most balanced, thorough, and compelling treatment of the issues to date....This is an important study and will be a standard reference for years to come. -Choice Informed, clear, and highly illuminating discussion. -Philosophical Review

About the Author

Loading other formats...

Book Info

Publication date

25th April 1996


Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski

More books by Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski
Author 'Like for Like'


Oxford University Press Inc


224 pages


Philosophy: metaphysics & ontology




My favourite thing about is the 'like for like' page this has really introduced me to some good reads! That and lots of honest reviews.

Sam Lewis

Lovereading has given me the opportunity to delve into new and exciting worlds of authors who I would never have tried before.

Glynis Elliott

My horizons have been broadened by some of the books I have been lucky to review and I expect it to be no different in the future.

Daran Bellingham

The best new books on the market, reviewed honestly, to give your readers the best choices.

Julie Cook

Insightful reader reviews and unbiased recommendations. I don't know how I chose books before Lovereading! An essential for all book lovers.

Sarah Harper

Their sending me my first book to review 18 months ago re-awakened my fondness for reading, since then I have purchased some real gems.

Barry Griffiths

I love Lovereading because I get to read great books and then get to tell everybody how good they are.

Sally Doel

Love Reading - it not only does what it says on the tin, it does it with Jam on!!

Maz Tucker