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Marathon, Hastings, Midway -- just a few of the major battles covered in this series, which introduces readers to the wartime engagements that changed the course of human history. Each book gives a historical account of a decisive battle -- its participants, the political climate leading to the engagement, and the deciding factors that ultimately led to a victory or defeat. This World War II naval battle, fought entirely by aircraft, ushered in a new era in military history.
Professional baseball, with its rich history and colorful local legends, is full of arcane team names at all levels of the sport. Some might be surprised, for example, to learn that the major league Dodgers owe their nickname to an 1884 trolley line in Brooklyn. Fans of popular culture might recognize the Albuquerque Isotopes' origins in an episode of The Simpsons, but who can explain the Asheville Tourists or the Montgomery Biscuits? This comprehensive reference book explains the origins of all known major, minor and Negro league teams from 1869 through 2011.
Professional baseball is full of arcane team names. The Los Angeles Dodgers, for instance, owe their nickname to the trolley tracks that honeycombed Brooklyn in the early 1880s. (Residents were "e;trolley dodgers."e;) From the Negro Leagues, there were the Pittsburgh Crawfords (sponsored early by the Crawford Bath House and Recreation Center); from the minors, the Tucson Waddies (slang for cowboy) and, later, the Montgomery Biscuits (for the would-be concessions staple); from overseas, the Adelaide, Australia, Bite (a shark reference but also a pun for bight) and the Bussum, Netherlands, Mr. Cocker HCAW (the sponsoring restaurant chain, followed by the acronym for the official team name, Honkbalclub Allan Weerbaar). This comprehensive reference book explains the nicknames of thousands of major and minor league franchises, Negro League and early independent black clubs, and international teams-from 1869 through 2011.
In 1869, the Los Angeles City Council organized the city's first paid police force. The unit had only six officers, and they did not receive traditional salaries. Today, there are approximately 9,000 uniformed officers and 3,000 civilian employees of the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) charged with maintaining law and order in the city's 468 square miles. Los Angeles Police Department follows the force's evolution from a small band of crime fighters to one of America's most well-known, cutting-edge police departments.
In his voyages to India, beginning in 1497, Vasco da Gama revolutionized the economy of Europe. As the first navigator to find a route to India around Africa's Cape of Good Hope, da Gama gave Portugal the opportunity to take control of the lucrative spice routes that had been dominated for centuries by Italian and Muslim traders. In one bold stroke, da Gama laid the foundation for the Portuguese trading empire and ensured that the world economy would never be the same again. This biography of Vasco da Gama not only presents the life of this famous Portuguese navigator but also describes his impact on world events during the 16th century.
First Published in 2009. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
North Korea has been a communist dictatorship since shortly after the end of World War II. Ruled by the iron hand of Kim Il Sung, the nation struggled economically compared to South Korea, which engineered an economic miracle. Kim died in 1994, turning over the government to his son, Kim Jong Il. A pampered youth, Kim Jong Il gradually took over a variety of powerful positions in his father's government. After he became the dictator, the country suffered a series of economic disasters that brought death to thousands of people. Meanwhile, Kim Jong Il became widely known for turning North Korea into a nuclear power. During the early 21st century, President George W. Bush labeled North Korea part of the Axis of Evil. But some experts on North Korea believe that Kim is simply using the nuclear card to gain worldwide respect and economic aid from the United States. Nevertheless, Kim Jong Il remains a highly controversial leader.
Murder is among the most common and most terrible of crimes. Motives for murder include anger, love, greed, hatred, and myriad other emotions and reasons, some passionate, some cold-blooded and calculated. Homicide investigates the nature of murder throughout history and tracks the progress of law enforcement in preventing and solving killings. Although modern police rely on a wealth of sophisticated tools, such as fingerprinting, DNA analysis, and computer databases, to solve murders, these techniques were not always available to detectives. This intriguing book demonstrates how murders are investigated, using real-life cases to illustrate key points.Chapters include: Homicide: As Old as Civilization; The Statistics and the Crimes; Homicide Investigation at the Crime Scene; The Homicide Victim; and Using the Evidence to Convict a Suspect.
Drafted second overall by the Philadelphia Eagles in 1999, quarterback Donovan McNabb has enjoyed a productive NFL career. In 2004, the five-time Pro Bowler led the Eagles to their first Super Bowl appearance since 1980. Despite losing to the New England Patriots, McNabb threw for 357 yards, the third-highest total in Super Bowl history. McNabb is one of only four Eagles quarterbacks to have thrown for 3,000 yards in consecutive seasons. In addition, he ranks second behind Ron Jaworski in career playoff wins by an Eagle, with eight. In 2002, McNabb was named the recipient of the Wanamaker Award, presented annually to the athlete or team that has done the most to reflect credit upon Philadelphia and their team or sport during the previous year. Off the field, McNabb's foundation raises awareness for diabetes research and prevention.
The extraordinary story of the foundation of what would become the major threat to the West during the Cold War - built by the Bolsheviks from nothing
In 2006, Michelle Bachelet made history by becoming the first woman to be elected president of Chile. The daughter of a Chilean Air Force general, Bachelet and her family were gravely affected by the upheaval that occurred after the 1973 military coup that derailed the government of Salvador Allende. Her father was arrested, and died in prison. Bachelet and her mother were tortured and finally fled Chile for Eastern Europe. They eventually returned home, where Bachelet attended medical school. After the military rule ended, she entered politics, serving as minister of health and later defense minister. During the early part of her presidential administration, she dealt with important issues head-on. Michelle Bachelet thoroughly examines the life and accomplishments of a world leader who has brought new light to a nation emerging from a dark past.
President Pervez Musharraf of Pakistan governs a critical state in the worldwide war on terror. Before becoming president, Musharraf had spent his entire career in the Pakistani army. He helped train Afghani guerrilla forces to overthrow the Soviet regime. He was also involved in leading Pakistani troops against Indian forces as part of the continuing struggle between the two nations over the disputed Kashmir area. During his tenure as president, the Pakistani economy has grown. Nevertheless, Musharraf has been forced to contend with political groups who have not supported his authoritarian government. Some of these groups support al Qaeda. However, after the 9/11 terrorist attacks, Musharraf has become a strong ally of the United States in the war on terror. Pervez Musharraf keenly examines the life and career of this leader, whose decisions are capable of influencing some of the most pressing issues of our time.
Born in Paris, France, to Chinese parents, Yo-Yo Ma began playing the cello when he was a child. At the age of five he was already playing Bach's challenging cello suites. A short time later, Ma immigrated to the United States with his parents, who established a new home in New York City. He graduated from Harvard University and in 1978 won the Avery Fisher Prize for outstanding classical music performance. From then on, his career as a cellist went into high gear. He toured the world, appearing with many major orchestras. In addition, Ma has made numerous recordings and received 15 Grammy Awards. He has also taken classical music to new heights by making a variety of innovative crossover recordings - combining classical with jazz and country. During the last several years, he has also devoted himself to the Silk Road Project, which brings together international musicians and composers to create and perform their music. Any budding musician or music enthusiast will benefit from reading this biography of one of the world's greatest virtuosos.
These riveting personalities each achieved excellence, but even greater than their individual accomplishments is the positive Hispanic image they collectively represent to the world. Photographs, illustrations, and lively text tell the stories ot these fascinating historical figures.