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In Diversity, Funding, and Standardized Testing in American Education, noted education expert Jose Martinez's examines current aspects of inequality in American education, examining the complex nexus of funding, diversity, and the increasingly contentious role of standardized testing. A readable narrative format assesses the extensive documentation, which demonstrates that inequality is becoming entrenched throughout the education system, in no small measure due to biases in standardized testing systems. Students from kindergarten through university face the arising challenges while their environments are becoming more diverse. Funding levels in education are also posited as causes of inequality. This complements the view that standardized testing at all levels of education mirrors and exacerbates entrenched economic inequality. Education funding and standardized testing at all levels have thus become basic mechanisms that purposefully reproduce and maintain a two-tiered society. The solutions are not difficult to discern, as other societies can attest, but Martinez's thought-provoking new book moves toward engaging them.
Recent and ongoing issues at all levels of American education are at the forefront of public discussion and political debate. Explored by seasoned sociologist and education researcher Jose Martinez, the issues involved include segregation, tracking, discipline, charter schools, various types of higher education, online education, and faculty matters, among others. This insightful and timely book presents trenchant analyses of the problems arising from these issues and offers some solutions. Included are coherent theoretical considerations as they pertain to education. Extensive empirical explorations illuminate the issues as well. A narrative format is used for readability without tables and charts to facilitate the flow of the material. This study is comprehensive in scope and engages with many facets of inequality, all of which command great interest and concern at all levels of American society. This analysis of inequality in education is clearly significant to everyone concerned, and will remain so for the foreseeable future. Unlike more limited studies, Martinez focuses not merely on one aspect of education, but uniquely embraces the totality of education regarding the two-tiered entrenchment of inequality in various areas across all levels of the educational experience in America today.