On 15 March 1817 the convict ship the Chapman departed from the Cork with 200 male convicts on board. When it dropped anchor off Sydney Cove on four months later its decks were blood-soaked. The prison doors opened to reveal 160 gaunt and brutalised men. Twelve were dead and twenty-eight lay wounded in the ships' hospital. Using daily journals from the crew, detailed testimony from several convict and official colonial government correspondence, this book pieces together what happened during those four months at sea and sheds new light on one of the darkest episodes in the history of penal transportation.
Offering a unique insight into the habitual inebriate offender class in Ireland, this book examines the inebriate reformatory system in Ireland from its foundation in 1900 until its closure in 1920 and the three institutions charged with punishing or rehabilitating habitual drunkards: The State Inebriate Reformatory, The Certified Inebriate Reformatory and The Voluntary Inebriate Retreat. Using registers of inmates, annual reports, court cases and institutional records, Conor Reidy presents a stark account of the ways in which alcohol addiction and lack of opportunity condemned countless Irish victims to lives of poverty, misery and crime in the early twentieth century. The author also looks at the ways in which institutional staff sought to exact reform over the inmates through education, training, religion and discipline. This book profiles a hitherto little-known system, giving it a place within the historiography of Ireland's complex web of so-called reformative institutions.