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1Charles Kay Ogden born 1889. He is typically defined as a linguistic psychologist, and is now mostly remembered as the inventor and propagator of Basic English. It was presented in Ogden's book Basic English in 1930.
Find out more about Basic English
2Thomas Hardy born 1840. He is one of England's great novelists, best known for The Mayor of Casterbridge and Tess of the D'Urbervilles.
Read Tess of the D'Urbervilles
3Franz Kafka died 1924. His book The Trial was first published in 1925, a year after his death, however he was alive to see the outcome of The Metamorphosis published in 1915.
Read books by Franz Kafka
4The first Pulitzer Prizes were awarded 1917. The prize is a U.S. award for achievements in newspaper journalism, literature and musical composition. It was established with a gift from Joseph Pulitzer.
Find out more about the Pulitzer Prize
5Ken Follett born 1949. Follett is a British author of thrillers and historical novels. He has sold over a 100 million copies of his books. Four of his works have reached the number 1 ranking on the New York Times best-seller list
Read more books by Ken Follett
6Thomas Mann born in Lubeck, Germany in 1875. Mann won the nobel prize for literature in 1929. Hitler had Mann's books burnt burnt as he said struck "at the root of German thought."
See more books by Thomas Mann
7Edward Morgan Forster (E.M. Forster) died in 1970. Forster was an English novelist, short story writer, essayist and librettist. He is best known for his 1910 novel Howards End and his 1924 novel A Passage to India.
Read E M Forster books
91865 - Charles Dickens was involved in Staplehurst rail crash where train plunged off track being repaired. Only 1st-class carriage to remain on track was one in which he was travelling.
Read Charles Dicken's novels
10Maurice Bernard Sendak, born 1928, in New York. He decided to become an illustrator after viewing Walt Disney's film Fantasia at the age of twelve. Sendak is best known for his book Where the Wild Things Are, published in 1963.
Read Where the Wild Things Are
11It might be only a myth, but by classical tradition, Troy fell on this day in 1182 BC. This important event, in Greek mythology, was narrated in many works of Greek literature, including the Iliad by Homer.
Read the Iliad by Homer
12Anne Frank born 1929. She gained international fame posthumously following the publication of her diary which documents her experiences hiding during the German occupation of the Netherlands in World War II.
Read Anne Frank's Diary
13William Yeats born 1865. Yeats is considered one of the finest poets in the English language. A pillar of both the Irish and British literary establishments.
Read Poems by William Yeats
14Yasunari Kawabata born 1899. A Japanese short story writer and novelist whose spare, lyrical, subtly-shaded prose works won him the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1968, the first Japanese author to receive the award.
Read books by Yasunari Kawabata
15The Magna Carta was signed in 1215 by King John. It formed the agreement between John and several dozen Barons that took away the King's total authority, and granted rights and liberties such as freedom of the church.
Find out more about the Magna Carta
16Bloomsday is a commemoration observed annually on 16 June in Dublin and elsewhere to celebrate the life of Irish writer James Joyce and relive the events in his novel Ulysses, all of which took place on the same day in Dublin in 1904.
Read Ulysses by James Joyce
17We haven't found a good one yet - but if you know one please let us know and we will add it to the website.
18We haven't found a good one yet - but if you know one please let us know and we will add it to the website.
191816 Frankenstein was created. Mary, Percy Shelley, Lord Byron and others were staying at Byron's villa on lake Geneva - On this stormy night they decided to all write ghost stories - Mary's would become Frankenstein.
Read Frankenstein by Mary Shelley
20We haven't found a good one yet - but if you know one please let us know and we will add it to the website.
21Ian McEwan born in Aldershot 1948. One of Englands finest modern writers. He was awarded Booker Prize in 1998 for his novel Amsterdam and awarded a CBE in 2000.
Read novels by Ian McEwan
22Erich Maria Remarque, born in Germany 1898. Fighting on the German side in WW1, he was wounded 5 times. He used his experiences in the war to create his most famous work, the anti-war novel, Im Westen nichts Neues - All Quiet on the Western Front.
Read books by Erich Maria Remarque
23We haven't found a good one yet - but if you know one please let us know and we will add it to the website.
24Ambrose Gwinnett Bierce born 1842. An American journalist, short story writer, fabulist and satirist. He is best known for his short story, "An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge" and his satirical lexicon, The Devil's Dictionary.
Read The Devil's Dictionary
25George Orwell (real name Eric Blair) born in India 1903. In 1922 he joined the Indian Imperial Force, and went to Spain to fight in the Spanish Civil War where he was badly wounded. 1984 was published June 8 1949.
Read Books by George Orwell
26The day in 1284 that, according to legend, the Pied Piper lured children out of the city of Hamelin, Germany, and to their death. Famous versions of the legend are given by the Brothers Grimm and, in English, by Robert Browning.
Read The Pied Piper by Robert Browning
271928 James Joyce and Scott Fitzgerald both attended a dinner party on the rue d l'Odeon in Paris. Fitzgerald became drunk and said that as a token of his esteem for Joyce, he was going to throw himself out the 2nd story window.
Read the works of James Joyce
28Anthony Malcolm Buckeridge OBE died 2004. An English author, best known for his Jennings and Rex Milligan series of children's books. The first one appeared in 1950 and new titles were published until the mid-1970s.
Read books by Anthony Buckeridge
291613, the Globe Theatre in London burned down. Built by Shakespeare's acting company, the Lord Chamberlain's Men, in 1599 the blaze started when a cannon was fired during a performance of Henry VIII to mark the King's entrance.
Read plays by WIlliam Shakespeare
30In 1990 whilst she was on a 4-hour delayed train journey J K Rowling had an idea for a story of a young boy attending a school of wizardry. Philosopher's Stone published June 30 1997 and the rest is history.
Read Harry Potter books